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#invisiblehand

<— tadi siang baca (cepat) buku tipis karangan Milton Friedman “Friedman on Galbraith” dan menemukan argumen menarik http://www.amazon.co.uk/Friedman-Galbraith-curing-British-disease/dp/0889750157 …

Menurut Friedman, dlm dunia politik ada individu yg, dlm pandangan individu itu, bekerja demi kepentingan umum.

Tp sebenarnya mereka didorong oleh “invisible hand” yg justru membawa mereka utk bekerja demi kepentingan pribadi (walau niatnya tdk begitu)

Maksudnya bagaimana? Menurut Friedman, jika dlm pasar ekonomi km mendpt apa yg km bayar, maka tdk demikian di pasar politik.

Jika saya pergi ke pasar ekonomi utk belanja $1 maka sy akan dpt barang senilai $1, maka sy ada insentif utk membelanjakan $1 itu dg tepat.

Tp jika saya pergi ke pasar politik (pemilu misalnya), maka “uang” saya adlh suara dlm pemilu itu, yg akan bersaing dg ribuan suara lainnya.

Jd maksimal sy akan dpt sesuai dg apa yg dipilih oleh 51% lainnya (pemenang pemilu). Jd tdk ada insentif utk “berbelanja” dg cerdas.

Jd buat apa ada pemerintah? Toh akhirnya yg bikin kebijakan dll adalah individu (yg punya kepentingan pribadi sendiri). Agree? Disagree?

Makanya dlm makroekonomi kerap dipake istilah “benevolent planner” utk menegaskan bhw pemerintah/planner tdk mengejar kepentingan pribadi.

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